- 200 BC: Hsiung-nu lay siege to the emperor.
- 191 BC: End of the prohibition against books.
- 155-130 BC: Liu Teh develops a library of old, especially Taoist, texts.
- 140-87 BC: Reign of Emperor Wu Ti.
- Beginnings of the Chinese Civil Service.
- 136 BC: Doctors of the Five Classics established.
- Expansion of the empire:
- 121-119 BC: Hsiung-nu are driven north of the Gobi desert.
- --The Great Wall is extended to the Jade Gate.
- --Colonists are sent to Kansu.
- --Silk Road opens between China and the Parthian Empire.
- 111-110 BC: Eastern and Southern Yueh are brought under Chinese control.
- 108: Ch'ao Hsien (Korea) conquered.
- c. 87 BC: Ssu-ma Ch'ien writes the first general history of China.