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Slavic Origins

The Byzantine Empire

Kyivan Rus

Appanage Russia

Muscovite Russia

Imperial Russia

The Soviet Union

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History of Poland Chronology

The Balkans Chronology

 

 

Slavic Origins: 4,000 BC to AD 862

  • ca. 4,000 BC: Earliest evidence of Neolithic culture in Russia
  • ca. 1000 to 700 BC: Cimmerians in Thrace
  • ca. 700 BC: Scythians invade Thrace, conquering the Cimmerians
  • ca. 700 BC-AD 200: Greco-Iranian culture develops around the Black Sea
  • 370: The Huns invade.
  • 558: The invasion of the Avars.
  • 681: The First Bulgarian Empire is formed.
  • ca. 830: Beginnings of Magyar migration westward.

312-1453: The Byzantine (Later or Eastern Roman) Empire

  • 306-337: The Emperor Constantine
  • 325: The Council of Nicea
  • 378: Battle of Adrianople
  • 527-565: Reign of Justinian
  • 680: Monophysitism is declared unorthodox.
  • 690s: Muslims conquer Byzantine North Africa
  • c. 858-867: The Missionary Journeys of Sts. Cyril and Methodius
  • 867-1056: Macedonian dynasty
  • 988: Kievan Russ adopts Orthodoxy

1056-1453: Decline of the Byzantine Empire

  • 1071: Seljuk Turks defeat Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert
  • 1204: Constantinople falls to Crusaders during the Fourth Crusade.
  • 1261: Constantinople is liberated from the Crusaders.
  • 1453: Fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Turks 

Kyivan Rus: 862-1240

  • 862: The legendary founding of Kyivan Rus.
  • 978-1015: Reign of Vladimir
  • 1035-1054: The Reign of Yaroslav the Wise.
  • 1240: Kyiv is conquered by the Mongols.

Appanage Russia: 1240-1380

  • 1240-1380: Russia under Mongol rule.
  • 1156-1478: The Principality of Novgorod.
    • 1156: Novgorod achieves independence
    • 1242: Alexander Nevsky defeats the Teutonic Knights at Lake Peipus.
    • 1478: Novgorod is incorporated into Muscovy

Muscovite Russia:  ca. 1147-1613

  • ca. 1147: Moscow is founded
  • 1325-1341: Reign of Ivan I
  • 1380: Muscovites defeat the Golden Horde at Kulikovo.
  • 1480: Ivan II proclaimed Czar and Autocrat of Russia.
  • 1533-1584: Reign of Ivan the Terrible.
  • 1598-1605: Reign of Boris Gudunov
  • 1604-1613: The Time of Troubles

Imperial Russia: 1613-1917

  • 1613-1645: Reign of Michael I Romanov. Beginning of the Romanov Dynasty
  • 1682-1725: Peter I, The Great
  • 1762-1796: Catherine II, The Great
  • 1785: The Charter of the Cities and the Charter of the Nobility are issued
  • 1795: Third Partition of Poland.
  • 1801-1825: Alexander I
  • 1825-1855: Nicholas I
  • 1855-1881: Alexander II
  • 1894-1917: Nicholas II

The Soviet Union: 1917-1992

  • 1921: Lenin introduces the New Economic Policy (NEP)
  • 1928: Stalin introduces the First Five Year Plan.
  • 1939: The Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact.
  • 1942: The Battle of Stalingrad
  • 1956: Khruschev denounces Stalin at the 20th Party Congress.
  • 1962: Cuban Missile Crisis.
  • 1968: Invasion of Czechoslovakia

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