World History Chronology

Foraging Peoples

Settled Agriculture

Primary Urbanization

Early Mesopotamian Civilizations

Expansion and Contraction of Mesopotamian Empires

Cosmopolitan Empires

Islamic Empires

Modern Era

 

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Cosmopolitan Empires in the Eastern Mediterranean

550 BC to AD 642

550-323 BC: Persian Empire

  • 550: Cyrus the Great of Persia conquers the Medes
  • 546: Cyrus conquers Asia Minor.
  • 525: Cambyses conquers Egypt.
  • 490: Battle of Marathon.
  • 480: Xerxes invades Greece.

323-146 BC: Hellenistic Kingdoms

  • 323: Ptolemy becomes ruler of Egypt (Ptolemaic Kingdom)
  • 306: Seleucus founds the Seleucid Kingdom
  • 276: Antigonus founds the Antigonid (Macedonia) Kingdom

c. 250 BC to AD 225: Parthian Empire

146 BC to AD 1453: Rome and Byzantium

  • 509-31 BC The Roman Republic
  • 27 BC- AD 312: The Roman Empire
  • 312-1453: The Byzantine Empire

226-642: Sassanid Persia

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