World History Chronology

Foraging Peoples

Settled Agriculture

Primary Urbanization

Early Mesopotamian Civilizations

Expansion and Contraction of Mesopotamian Empires

Cosmopolitan Empires

Islamic Empires

Modern Era

 

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The Ottoman Empire

1350-1918

  • ca. 1243: Turkish nomads settle in Asia Minor
  • 1299-1326: Osman I
    • 1301: Osman declares himself sultan and establishes the Ottoman Empire
  • 1345: Seljuk Turks first cross the Bosporus
  • 1389: Ottomans defeat Serbs at Kosovo
  • 1402: Tamerlane defeats Ottomans at Ankara
  • 1451-1481: Mohammed the Conqueror
  • 1520-1566: Sulayman II the Magnificent
    • 1526: Battle of Mohacs
    • 1529: First Siege of Vienna
  • 1571: The Battle of Lepanto
  • 1641-1687: Reign of Mohammad IV
  • 1703-1730: Cultural revival under Ahmed III
  • 1774: Trety of Kucuk Kaynarca
  • 1792: Treaty of Jassy
  • 1793: Selim III proclaims the "New Order"
  • 1798-1799: Napoleon attempts to conquer Egypt.
  • 1804: First Serbian Uprising.
  • 1815: Second Serbian Uprising.
  • 1822-1830: Greek War of Independence
  • 1826: Massacre of Janissaries; Ottoman fleet is sunk at Navarino
  • 1829: Treaty of Adrinople
  • 1839: Hatt-i Serif of Gulhane; the Tanzimat Period begins.
  • 1841: The Straits Convention
  • 1853-1856: The Crimean War
  • 1876: The Ottoman Constitution is proclaimed.
  • 1878: Congress of Berlin: Serbia and Montenegro are granted independence. Bulgaria is granted broad autonomy.
  • 1908: The Comittee of Union and Progress (The Young Turks) is formed.
    • The Ottoman Constitution is restored.
    • Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 1912-1913: The First Balkan War
  • 1913: The Second Balkan War
  • 1914: The Ottoman Empire enters World War I as one of the Central Powers.
  • 1915: The Armenian Massacre
  • 1919-1924: End of the Ottoman Empire
    • 1919: Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) lands at Samsun
    • 1923: The sultanate is abolished and Turkey is declared a republic
    • 1924: The office of caliph is abolished

Resources

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

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