timeline of world history

Then Again

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The Center Period

The Global Period

  • Age of World Wars
  • After the Cold War

 

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Conflict between Pope and Emperor

1039-1450

The Investiture Controversy

  • A.D. 1039-1056 Reign of Henry III
  • 1046 Henry deposes three rival popes and begins a period of papal reform.
  • 1056-1106 Reign of Henry IV.
  • 1059 Papal election decree.
  • 1073-1085 Pontificate of Gregory VII.
  • 1075 Gregory VII bans lay investiture.
  • 1076 Gregory VII excommunicates and deposes Henry IV.
  • 1077 Confrontation at Canossa between Gregory VII and Henry IV.
  • 1080 Gregory VII again excommunicates and deposes Henry IV.
  • 1088-1099 Pontificate of Urban II.
  • 1106-1125 Reign of Henry V.
  • 1122 Concordat of Worms.


Later Struggles

  • 1152-1190 Reign of Frederick I, Barbarossa.
  • 1154-1159 Pontificate of Hadrian IV.
  • 1159-1181 Pontificate of Alexander III.
  • 1180 Frederick Barbarossa defeats Duke Henry the Lion of Saxony.
  • 1190-1197 Reign of Henry VI.
  • 1194 Henry VI becomes king of Sicily
  • 1198-1216 Pontificate of Innocent III.
  • 1211-1250 Reign of Frederick II.
  • 1215 Fourth Lateran Council.
  • 1273-1291 Reign of Rudolf of Hapsburg.
  • 1294-1303 Pontificate of Boniface VIII.
  • 1302 Boniface VIII decrees Unam Sanctam.
  • 1303 Boniface VIII is humiliated at Anagni.
  • 1305-1314 Pontificate of Clement V. Papacy is moved to Avignon.


The Babylonian Captivity: The Pope in Avignon

  • Clement V, 1305-1314
  • John XXII, 1316-1334
  • Benedict XII, 1334-1342
  • Clement VI, 1342-1352
  • Innocent VI, 1352-1362
  • Urban V, 1362-1370
  • Gregory XI, 1370-1378


The Great Schism,1378-1415

  • The Popes in Rome Popes in Avignon Popes in Pisa
  • Urban VI, 1378-1389 Clement VII, 1378-1394
  • Boniface IX, 1389-1404 Benedict XIII, 1394- 1417
  • Innocent VII, 1404-1406 Clement VIII, 1423- 1429 Alexander V, 1409-1410
  • Gregory XII, 1406-1415 John XXIII, 1410-1415
  • Martin V, 1417-1431

After the Great Schism: 1415-1517

  • 1436: The Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges

Resources

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