Beginning ca. 1400: The Large Empires of the Ancient Near East are weakened.
- 1400: Minoan culture is destroyed. Mycenean Greeks dominate the Eastern Mediterranean.
- 1375-1350: Ikhnaton's reforms in Egypt. Egypt crippled by internal disruptions.
- 1250: Israelites begin conquest of Canaan.
- 1230: Egypt is invaded by the "Sea People."
- 1230: Myceneans conquer Troy
Beginning ca. 1200: The Era of the Smaller Civilizations.